founder – Wiktionary

Tác giả: tranthang

English[edit]

44px Wikipedia logofounderEnglish Wikipedia has articles on :Wikipedia

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old French fondeur, from Latin fundātor.

Noun[edit]

founder (plural founders, feminine foundress)

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  1. One who founds or establishes (especially said of a company, project, organisation, state)

    the founder of Facebook, Mark Zuckerberg

  2. (genetics) Someone for whose parents one has no data.
Antonyms[edit]
  • (one who founds): ruiner
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

someone for whose parents one has no data

  • Chinese:
    Mandarin:

    please add this translation if you can

  • Finnish: kantaisäkantaäiti
  • Russian: найдёныш(ru)m (najdjónyš)

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle French fondeur, from Latin fundo (“pour, melt, cast”)

Noun[edit]

founder (plural founders)

  1. The iron worker in charge of the blast furnace and the smelting operation.
    • 1957, H.R. Schubert, History of the British Iron and Steel Industry, p. 161.
      The term ‘founder’ was applied in the British iron industry long afterwards to the ironworker in charge of the blast furnace and the smelting operation.
  2. One who casts metals in various forms; a caster.
    a founder of cannon, bells, hardware, or printing types
Translations[edit]

worker in charge of the blast furnace and smelting

  • Azerbaijani: tökməçiəridicimetaləridən
  • Bulgarian: леяр(bg)m (lejar)
  • Catalan: fonedorm
  • Chinese:
    Mandarin:

    please add this translation if you can

  • Danish: støberc
  • Finnish: sulattaja
  • French: fondeur(fr)m
  • German: (please verify) Eisengießer(de)m
  • Greek: χύτης(el)m (chýtis)
  • Hungarian: öntő(hu)öntőmunkás(hu)olvasztár(hu)
  • Italian: fonditore(it)m
  • Portuguese: fundidor(pt)m
  • Russian: плави́льщик(ru)m (plavílʹščik), лите́йщик(ru)m (litéjščik)

one who casts metals in various forms

  • Irish: teilgeoirm
  • Italian: modellatorem, foggiatorem, plasmatore
  • Russian: лите́йщик(ru)m (litéjščik)

Etymology 3[edit]

From Middle French fondrer (“send to the bottom”), from Latin fundus (“bottom”)

Noun[edit]

founder (plural founders)

  1. (veterinary medicine) A severe laminitis of a horse, caused by untreated internal inflammation in the hooves.
Translations[edit]

disease of hoof

  • Finnish: kaviokuume(fi)

Verb[edit]

founder (third-person singular simple present founders, present participle foundering, simple past and past participle foundered)

Translations[edit]

to stumble

  • Bulgarian: препъвам се(prepǎvam se), окуцявам(okucjavam)
  • Chinese:
    Mandarin:

    please add this translation if you can

  • Finnish: kompastua(fi)
  • German: stolpern(de)
  • Greek: καταρρέω(el)(katarréo), γκρεμίζομαι(el)(gkremízomai)
  • Portuguese: tropeçar(pt)
  • Russian:

    please add this translation if you can

Usage notes[edit]

Frequently confused with flounder. Both may be applied to the same situation, the difference is the severity of the action: floundering (struggling to maintain position) comes first, followed by foundering (losing it by falling, sinking or failing).

Anagrams[edit]

Old French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin fundō.

Verb[edit]

founder

  1. (late Anglo-Norman

    )

    funderAlternative spelling of

Conjugation[edit]

This verb conjugates as a first-group verb ending in -er. The forms that would normally end in *-d, *-ds, *-dt are modified to t, z, t. Old French conjugation varies significantly by date and by region. The following conjugation should be treated as a guide.

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